Thank you. Thanks for Oxford China Forum and your applause. As a participant of China’s technology industry, I would like to share my views in ?today’s topic.
As the saying goes，technology is the primary productive forces. There are so many technological innovations every year that will change our lives.
There was lots of good news in 2018 too.The multiplexed and portable nucleic acid detection platform，the new type of photosynthesis, the AI applications, the insight landing on Mars，and so on...... Technological innovations make us discover a larger world.
这些最新的科技话题，每个都在知乎上引发了热烈讨论。在知乎超过3000 万个问题中，科技一直是规模最大的话题和讨论门类。除了科技话题，知乎上也有很多其它领域的讨论，涉及的话题数量高达 27 万。当然，这里面也包括英国以及牛津大学的讨论。事实上，知乎聚集了超过 17 万在英国的用户，他们的无私分享，让中国网友更了解英国的人文和科技。
The innovations has been discussed extensively on Zhihu. Yes, Zhihu is a Q&A online community that collected 270 thousand topics and 30 million questions in total. There are also many discussions about other fields including the UK and Oxford. Especially, Zhihu has gathered more than 170 thousand users from the UK, ?their posts in UK about culture and technology are very valuable.
说到「科技强国」，毫无疑问，英国从第一次工业革命开始，就是当之无愧的科技强国。数百年来，英国的科技创新实力都名列前茅。 而建校 900 多年的牛津大学更是不可忽视的一支力量。作为英国最大的科研中心，牛津大学为全球科技发展输送了大量杰出的人才，他们创造的科技硕果，不仅推动英国成为世界科技强国，也惠及到世界各国的人民。
Obviously, the UK has been a well-deserved tech leader since the first Industrial Revolution.For centuries, the UK has been one of the world's leading technology innovators. And Oxford, the largest scientific research center in the UK with more than 900-year history, has provided a massive number of outstanding talents. Their work on science and technology benefit the country and people of the whole world.
那么，中国的科技发展又是怎样一番景象呢？在接到主办方的邀请之后，我把这次的论坛议题作为一个问题在知乎抛出，截止到上周，一共收获了 299 个回答，3198 人关注，186 多万人浏览。
Well, what about the technological development in China? After receiving the invitation from the forum, I raised a question as same as our topic on Zhihu. As of last week, the question had received more than 300 answers, and around 3 thousands followers. The discussions received 1.89 million page views.
Basically, there are two consensuses. The first is, China has essentially become a major tech power across the world. And the tipping point for China to be tech leader may be in the near future.
我这里有一组数据， 2008 年至 2018 年，中国科技人员共发表国际论文 227.22 万篇，论文共被引用 2272.40 万次，分别排在世界第 2 位；中国成为世界上唯一一个专利申请有两位数增长的国家，一个对研究和发展的投资高达全世界投资总额的 20% 的国家。
Let me show you some data. From 2008 to 2018, Chinese researchers have published 2,272,200 papers internationally, which have been cited 22,724,000 times, and both ranked the second in the world after the United States. China is also the only country that have double-digit growth in patent applications, and the one whose research funds has accounted for 20 percent of the total in the world.
In the macro scope，China has made great achievements in technology engineering all over the world.That's why China has been called "the infrastructure maniac" in domestic and abroad.
One month ago, China's Chang 'e-4 spacecraft ?has successfully landed on far side of the moon, marking a giant leap for China in history. In the same year, China has completed the Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macao Bridge, which is the most difficult construction, with the longest length, the highest tech, the most scientific patents and the largest amount of investment in the world. The bridge has also been named as one of the "the seven wonders of the modern world" by The Guardian.
In the micro scope, China has revealed the micro-structure of hydrated ions for the first time, obtained atomic images of hydrated ions, and opened up new prospects in application fields such as ion batteries and seawater desalination; China has also found Mayolana Arbitron for the first time in iron-based superconducting materials, which is of great significance for the construction of a highly stable quantum computer in the future.
From another angle, besides the creations and discoveries，technology has extensively changed our lives. Absolutely, China leads world in
digital tech, drone tech,mobile payment tech and innovative sharing economy.
There was an interesting user profile called "One Day of a Chinese Person". Let's call him Jack.
Jack 每天早上 7 点准时被智能机器人叫醒，他一边洗漱，一天预知天气，享受音乐；9 点钟，Jack 通过手机 NFC 支付乘坐地铁上班，在上班路上刷一刷知乎，看看算法推荐下的感兴趣的内容；10 点钟到达公司之前，在外卖订餐网站预定的咖啡已经送到了 Jack 的办公桌上；下午 2 点钟，Jack 突然想起家中该缴纳电费了，于是他在手机 App 上花费1分钟完成缴费；6 点钟下班之后，Jack 乘坐网约车回家，在到家之前，空调、热水器等智能家居已经做好了准备工作......
Jack wakes up at 7 a.m. every morning by the intelligent robot which providing weather and music services; At 9 a.m., Jack takes the subway to work with the mobile phone NFC payment. On the way to work, he browses Zhihu to check the content that he is interested in under the recommendation of algorithm; Before he arrives at the company at 10 a.m., the coffee that came from ordering website has been on Jack's office desk; At 2 p.m., Jack suddenly remembers that it is time to pay the electricity bill for his house, so he spends 1 minute on the mobile App to complete the payment; And at 6 p.m. after work, Jack goes back home by car-hailing services, meanwhile,the air conditioning, water heater and other smart-home services have been well prepared in his house......
The influence of technology to our life goes further.The classic science fiction film “Back to the Future” in 1985, has imagined a futuristic world full of technology. Now, almost half of the technological visions in the film have come true in the real world.
But Chinese technology industry is still exploring to realize the other half, for instance, my company Zhihu. AI algorithm and machine learning have been extensively used in the flowing and converting of knowledge. We can see the technological innovations behind the content-based recommendation systems of Zhihu.
The engineering constructions, the innovations in discovery, the changes of our lives, or whoever，these technology achievements in China was depending on globalized openness and cooperation instead of operating behind closed doors. Particularly, a large number of these technological innovations have come from the returned students and scholars.
With these innovative breakthroughs, China has become a well-deserved major tech power, but it still has a long way to go before becoming a real tech leader. This is the second consensus.
China leads the world in digital technology, mobile payment technology and other application markets, but there are still shortcomings in technology innovation ability and basic scientific research, and there is a significant gap with the advanced level of Europe and America.
首先，科技创新能力代表是一个国家科技发展潜力和创造力。据世界知识产权组织发布的《2018 年全球创新指数》显示：中国从 2016 年开始位列前 25 位，并持续上升到 2018 年的第 17 位，进步最大的指数是普通基础建设、高新技术进口、知识型工人、知识技术产出等。但劣势也十分明显，主要集中在监管、高等教育、生态可持续性、信贷、海外投资、创意服务等领域。
First of all, the technology innovation ability represents a country's potential and creativity. According to “The Global Innovation Index 2018” released by the WIPO (World Intellectual Property Organization), China has continuously risen to the 17th, with ranking in the top 25 in 2 years ago.The most advanced indexes are ?General infrastructure，High-tech net imports，Knowledge workers，and technology outputs. However, it also has obvious disadvantages, mainly in the fields of regulatory environment，tertiary education，ecological sustainability，credit, overseas investment and creative services.
In one word, Chinese technology innovation ability has grown significantly, but compared with the current technology ranking, there is obviously still a gap.
比如中国的医疗行业。中国是人口大国，医疗技术的进步关乎国计民生。但截至 2016 年，中国 HAQ（医疗服务可及性和质量指数）在 195 个国家中排名第 48 位，与欧美先进国家差距明显。
Or take China's medical industry for example. The progress of medical technology is ?important to the national economy and the people's livelihood，especially in China such a large population country. However, as of 2016, China's HAQ (accessibility and quality index of medical service) ranks 48th among 195 countries, which is obviously different from Europe and America.
Moreover, the ability of basic scientific research is the source power of technology, and an important guiding to the cognitive boundary of human beings.Therefore, basic scientific research has no borders and is related to the interests of all mankind. In this core area, Chinese research is still in the difficult climbing stage.
去年 10 月 23 日深夜，腾讯创始人马化腾在知乎上提了一个问题：「未来十年哪些基础科学突破会影响互联网科技产业？产业互联网和消费互联网融合创新，会带来哪些改变？」，引发了全民关注。
In the late night of October 23, 2018, Mr. Ma Huateng asked a question on Zhihu，which had aroused the public concern. The question is: “Which basic scientific breakthroughs will affect the Internet technology industry in the next decade? What changes will be brought about by the integration and innovation of industrial Internet and consumer Internet? ”
This is a highly visible signal ?that China is fully aware of the importance of basic science, even at the national level. At present, the National Development and Reform Commission of China has launched the preliminary study of "14th five-year plan" to promote the development of basic science, integrating the innovation and research of basic science into the big picture of national development.
At the same time, it needs to be emphasized again that technological innovation is universal and epochal. The development of technology must be based on a global vision, gather the spirit and strength from the world. On its way to being a tech leader, China has also been deepening international exchanges and cooperation, and embracing global talents. At present, whatever the Chinese government, academia and business community ,have shown a strong desire for top technology talents.
当下，中国科技界已经汇聚了来自全世界的尖端科技人才，为中国科技发展贡献了无穷的才智。在牛津大学，中国留学生超过 800 人，都是推动未来科技发展的潜力股。你们的未来是光明的，但使命也是艰巨的。你们的来处——正在崛起的中国——有大把的机会等着你们去开拓，也有大把的挑战等着你们去攻克。
Now, China has gathered a lot of talents from all over the world, who contributing endless Intelligence to the technology development. In Oxford，There are more than 800 Chinese overseas students，and whey are all potential drivers of future technology. I will tell you，your future is bright, while your mission is also challengeable. The rising China has so many opportunities and challenges waiting for you.
In the wave of Chinese technology revolution, we eagerly look forward to your return after graduation,and your talent and strength for China and even the world. Whether China can become the next tech leader, and can the day come soon, it is up to you.
Thank you for your listening.